## House Purchase or Rent

Should I buy a house property or not?

So many times, people have asked me this question. There are 2 parts for answering this question.

1. Emotional Part
2. Financial Part

I w’d like you to keep your emotional part (a roof of your own, a sweet home, a place of your own to rest & calm & many others) on backseat while reading this article. Please think only on the financial impact the house purchase ‘ll make on your life.

All over India, property prices have increased many times in past few years. So there is a common feeling in the mindset of every person that there is only one way for house prices – TO GO UP. Can it happen endlessly? The answer is NO. the prices w’d have to correct for a level where people can buy for actual needs. As of now, too much speculation is chasing the prices. Most importantly there is no fix benchmark to decide the price of a house or for the area, you want to purchase in. Still I’m trying to test your decision on financial nos. only.

Many of you are aware of PE ratio in stock picking. For the people who are not familiar with this PE thing. Here is the general definition of PE ratio. Here P stands for Price & E stands for Earning. If we divide the Price of a stock from the earning (profit of the company per share basis), the ratio thus arrived is called PE ratio. Based upon this PE ratio, many a times, people decide that the stocks is undervalued (cheap), fairly valued or overvalued (costly). Now what’s the significance of PE in a non stock purchase decision? Well my dear friend, the same things & principles apply here too in case of a house purchase. How?

The amount you are paying to purchase the house is your PRICE. the possible rent that you may earn from the house or you w’d have to pay for the same house if not purchased by you is the earning from the house. Let’s understand it with an example. Say mly rent for a house is 5000 Rs. & Price of the same house is 1200000 Rs. Now what ‘ll be PE ratio of this house?

To calculate PE ratio, first convert the mly rent to yly rent.

Hence Yly rent = 5000*12 = 60000

Price = 1200000

Earning = 60000

So PE ratio = 1200000 / 60000 = 20

Now if the price of the same house is 1800000 & 2400000, what ‘ll be the PE ratios for these two different price points.

PE @ 1800000 Rs. price = 1800000 / 60000 = 30

PE @ 2400000 Rs. price = 2400000 / 60000 = 40

Now can you people use your own common sense to decide, which deal is the most favorable to you or should I say cheapest option while you are purchasing the house? Of course the 1200000 Rs. purchase price. For simplicity of calculation I’m not counting the property tax, maintenance & other expenses against this house property. So taking our clue from Stock picking, can we decide now a PE range to judge a property’s valuation?

If PE is 20, the property is under valued, hence one should buy. In other words, living on rent here is costly. So purchasing & living in your own house ‘ll be a sensible idea.

If PE is 30, the property is fairly valued, hence one should look for other factors also like job distance, school, market, health facilities, …. to decide that rent or purchase as it’s a balanced position.

If PE is 40, the property is overvalued, hence one should not buy. In other words, living on rent here is cheap. So purchasing & living in your own house ‘ll not be a sensible idea. It’s advisable to live on rent in this property.

Now, many of you may ask, how did I decided these points of 20, 30 & 40 PE for 3 different answers for a same property. the answers lies in the detailed math. Here it goes.

I assume you are not availing home loan to purchase this property & you do have full amount with you for all the 3 different price points. I also assume post tax return from the 3 price point amounts ‘ll be 6% if deposited in a simple product like bank FD.

• Case 1:-

Price 1200000 Rs. if you are not purchasing the house, income from the amount @ 6% post tax return = 72000 Rs. which is very close to the rent you are paying. so you can afford to purchase instead of paying rent.

• Case 2:-

Price 1800000 Rs. if you are not purchasing the house, income from the amount @ 6% post tax return = 108000 Rs. which is way above the rent you are paying. But still not out of the reach at all. so it’ll be a personal call that you can opt to purchase or keep living on rent.

• Case 3:-

Price 2400000 Rs. if you are not purchasing the house, income from the amount @ 6% post tax return = 144000 Rs. which is very high & even after paying 60000 Rs. rent from this post tax income of 144000 Rs, you are still having 84000 Rs. in your pocket. So you can afford to pay rent & drop the idea of purchasing this property.

Many of you may argue, here that I’m not considering the capital appreciation that ‘ll happen over the period. My answer – Very true, the capital appreciation ‘ll happen but as you had purchased this house for self consumption, w’d you sacrifice that thing for a higher sell price & w’d you & your family be agree to relocate to a new area (mostly in the outskirts) so that you casn reap the profit from the house? Only you can answer this thing.

### 7 Responses to House Purchase or Rent

1. Rahul says:

HI Ashal, can you please clarify if this RE is for apartment or individual house…

• ashalanshu says:

Dear Rahul, It’s for your house. It can be your apartment or Individual house.

Thanks

Ashal

2. […] Ashals article using the P/E concept […]

3. NATARAJAN says:

Hi Ashal, Thanks for the wonderful blog. You are real eye opener. I will get back to you after fully understanding the PE ratio factor.

• ashalanshu says:

Dear Natarajan, you are always welcome.

thanks

Ashal

4. Debasis says:

Hi,
I follwed your articles since last few days. This article as informative as others. thanks for sharing the knoweledge and information sharing.

For the above article I ahve a question. How do you come to conclusion that PE 20 is good 30 is Ok and 40 is not. Is there any stndard you followed. On top of that while comparing with Stock market I have another point, the rent or interst calculation is based on CITY. Like Large cap/Midcap/Small cap the PE would differ in similar way House value vs return will differ based on city (Tier 1/2/3). Please share your valuable thought.

Thanks
Deb

• ashalanshu says:

Dear Debasis, thanks for sharing your views & counter query. Regarding the basis of opting PE points @ 20, 30 & 40, please treat the rental income as you are earning interest income & you ‘ll know the answer for opting these points. Regarding the city structure, the story is more or less same as prices are relatively lower in smaller cities & so do the rental income.

Thanks

Ashal